High Resolution Robust GPS-free Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks and its Applications

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/225231
Title:
High Resolution Robust GPS-free Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks and its Applications
Authors:
Mirza, Mohammed
Abstract:
In this thesis we investigate the problem of robustness and scalability w.r.t. estimating the position of randomly deployed motes/nodes of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) without the help of Global Positioning System (GPS) devices. We propose a few applications of range independent localization algorithms that allow the sensors to actively determine their location with high resolution without increasing the complexity of the hardware or any additional device setup. In our first application we try to present a localized and centralized cooperative spectrum sensing using RF sensor networks. This scheme collaboratively sense the spectrum and localize the whole network efficiently and with less difficulty. In second application we try to focus on how efficiently we can localize the nodes, to detect underwater threats, without the use of beacons. In third application we try to focus on 3-Dimensional localization for LTE systems. Our performance evaluation shows that these schemes lead to a significant improvement in localization accuracy compared to the state-of-art range independent localization schemes, without requiring GPS support.
Advisors:
Alouini, Mohamed-Slim ( 0000-0003-4827-1793 )
Committee Member:
Shamim, Atif ( 0000-0002-4207-4740 ) ; Shihada, Basem ( 0000-0003-4434-4334 )
KAUST Department:
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Program:
Electrical Engineering
Issue Date:
12-Dec-2011
Type:
Thesis
Appears in Collections:
Theses; Electrical Engineering Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorAlouini, Mohamed-Slimen
dc.contributor.authorMirza, Mohammeden
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-22T11:27:48Z-
dc.date.available2012-05-22T11:27:48Z-
dc.date.issued2011-12-12en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/225231en
dc.description.abstractIn this thesis we investigate the problem of robustness and scalability w.r.t. estimating the position of randomly deployed motes/nodes of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) without the help of Global Positioning System (GPS) devices. We propose a few applications of range independent localization algorithms that allow the sensors to actively determine their location with high resolution without increasing the complexity of the hardware or any additional device setup. In our first application we try to present a localized and centralized cooperative spectrum sensing using RF sensor networks. This scheme collaboratively sense the spectrum and localize the whole network efficiently and with less difficulty. In second application we try to focus on how efficiently we can localize the nodes, to detect underwater threats, without the use of beacons. In third application we try to focus on 3-Dimensional localization for LTE systems. Our performance evaluation shows that these schemes lead to a significant improvement in localization accuracy compared to the state-of-art range independent localization schemes, without requiring GPS support.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectLocalizationen
dc.subjectPositioningen
dc.subjectspectrum sensingen
dc.titleHigh Resolution Robust GPS-free Localization for Wireless Sensor Networks and its Applicationsen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
thesis.degree.grantorKing Abdullah University of Science and Technologyen_GB
dc.contributor.committeememberShamim, Atifen
dc.contributor.committeememberShihada, Basemen
thesis.degree.disciplineElectrical Engineeringen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
dc.person.id108425en
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