Optimal Node Placement in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/209373
Title:
Optimal Node Placement in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network
Authors:
Felemban, Muhamad
Abstract:
Almost 70% of planet Earth is covered by water. A large percentage of underwater environment is unexplored. In the past two decades, there has been an increase in the interest of exploring and monitoring underwater life among scientists and in industry. Underwater operations are extremely difficult due to the lack of cheap and efficient means. Recently, Wireless Sensor Networks have been introduced in underwater environment applications. However, underwater communication via acoustic waves is subject to several performance limitations, which makes the relevant research issues very different from those on land. In this thesis, we investigate node placement for building an initial Underwater Wireless Sensor Network infrastructure. Firstly, we formulated the problem into a nonlinear mathematic program with objectives of minimizing the total transmission loss under a given number of sensor nodes and targeted volume. We conducted experiments to verify the proposed formulation, which is solved using Matlab optimization tool. We represented each node with a truncated octahedron to fill out the 3D space. The truncated octahedrons are tiled in the 3D space with each node in the center where locations of the nodes are given using 3D coordinates. Results are supported using ns-3 simulator. Results from simulation are consistent with the obtained results from mathematical model with less than 10% error.
Advisors:
Shihada, Basem ( 0000-0003-4434-4334 )
Committee Member:
Alouini, Mohamed-Slim ( 0000-0003-4827-1793 ) ; Moshkov, Mikhail ( 0000-0003-0085-9483 )
KAUST Department:
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Program:
Computer Science
Issue Date:
Oct-2011
Type:
Thesis
Appears in Collections:
Theses; Computer Science Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorShihada, Basemen
dc.contributor.authorFelemban, Muhamaden
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-04T08:12:28Z-
dc.date.available2012-02-04T08:12:28Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/209373en
dc.description.abstractAlmost 70% of planet Earth is covered by water. A large percentage of underwater environment is unexplored. In the past two decades, there has been an increase in the interest of exploring and monitoring underwater life among scientists and in industry. Underwater operations are extremely difficult due to the lack of cheap and efficient means. Recently, Wireless Sensor Networks have been introduced in underwater environment applications. However, underwater communication via acoustic waves is subject to several performance limitations, which makes the relevant research issues very different from those on land. In this thesis, we investigate node placement for building an initial Underwater Wireless Sensor Network infrastructure. Firstly, we formulated the problem into a nonlinear mathematic program with objectives of minimizing the total transmission loss under a given number of sensor nodes and targeted volume. We conducted experiments to verify the proposed formulation, which is solved using Matlab optimization tool. We represented each node with a truncated octahedron to fill out the 3D space. The truncated octahedrons are tiled in the 3D space with each node in the center where locations of the nodes are given using 3D coordinates. Results are supported using ns-3 simulator. Results from simulation are consistent with the obtained results from mathematical model with less than 10% error.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectwirelessen
dc.subjectsensoren
dc.subjectnetworken
dc.subjectunderwateren
dc.subjectdesignen
dc.subjectperformanceen
dc.titleOptimal Node Placement in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networken
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
thesis.degree.grantorKing Abdullah University of Science and Technologyen_GB
dc.contributor.committeememberAlouini, Mohamed-Slimen
dc.contributor.committeememberMoshkov, Mikhailen
thesis.degree.disciplineComputer Scienceen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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